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"Homeland Security: A Documentary History" provides a rich and relevant exploration of the concept of 'homeland security' throughout the nation's history, leading up to an examination of the new Homeland Security Department and its mission and impact. This essential reference was recently selected as one of the Best Reference Works of 2005 by the New York Public Library System. The Homeland Security Department was created in 2002 and involved the largest restructuring of the federal government in over forty years. Yet American institutions and officials have responded to homeland security issues throughout the life of the nation, for example, with the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. "Homeland Security" explores the concept and challenges of homeland security through government reports, budget proposals, public affairs campaigns and press releases, speeches, testimony, and other primary sources. Themes covered include: historical homeland security issues and responses; process for creating a new executive department and changing institutions and bureaucracies; steps, major debates, and events leading up to the creation of the Department; impact on governmental institutions and employees, such as Congress and its committees and structure, federal and state bureaucracies, and civil servants; budgetary implications at the federal and state levels; challenges and ramifications for citizens and civil liberties; and missions and goals, such as aviation and border security, crisis planning, and citizen preparedness. Supplemented with a chronology, print and web resource list, and an index, "Homeland Security" is unique in exploring historical antecedents as well as the Department's impact on political institutions and the ways Americans live and govern. It is perfect for undergraduates in political science and journalism programs, AP Social Studies students, and public library patrons.
The residents of Caxambu, a squatter neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, live in a state of insecurity as they face urban violence. Living with Insecurity in a Brazilian Favela examines how inequality, racism, drug trafficking, police brutality, and gang activities affect the daily lives of the people of Caxambu. Some Brazilians see these communities, known as favelas, as centers of drug trafficking that exist beyond the control of the state and threaten the rest of the city. For other Brazilians, favelas are symbols of economic inequality and racial exclusion. Ben Penglase's ethnography goes beyond these perspectives to look at how the people of Caxambu themselves experience violence.
From the viewpoint of both migration and asylum policy and the fight against terrorism, Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) is a key policy area. It is also an area that poses important challenges and raises questions with regard to the preservation of fundamental freedoms. This volume looks at the emerging European Union (EU) area of freedom, security and justice at a time when key policy priorities are taking shape within the EU. Bringing together authors from different backgrounds, this volume is ideal for students and scholars of European studies, law, political science, political theory and sociology.
It was a bright, sunny day at the farm just outside of town. Playful puppies chased butterflies and each other. Regina, their mother, watched them run around with a smile on her face. Today her children were being picked up by their new families and going to new homes. Regina is worried about her smallest puppy, Jeremy, wondering if he will end up with a very nice owner who will take good care of him. Will Jeremy end up with a nice owner or not?
This edited volume addresses the potential for ethical visions of security and what such visions might look like.
The key contribution of this book is in bringing together the emerging theoretical discussions on ethics and ethical reasoning within security studies to speak to this common theme. These ethical 'visions' of security engage directly with the meaning and value of security and security practice, and present a new research agenda directly concerned not only with what security is, but with what securityshould be, and as such consider these questions:
In a world of increasing insecurity and threats, security studies critically needs to engage directly with these normative questions to consider what securityshould be about and for whom it exists.
The first part of the text discusses ontologies of security in relation to ethics, outlining first the critical 'anti-security' perspective, before discussing the ethical potential within security; it then considers world security, the referent of security, and posthuman ethical security. The second part surveys a wide range of different visions of ethical security and security practice, from just securitisation theory to human security, cosmopolitan security and positive security. The editors use 'Ethical Security Studies' as an umbrella term, representing a new field comprised of a wide range of perspectives on ethics and security rather than advocating a specific vision. What brings the field and these authors together is a common faith in the idea that security either is or can be, a good thing. A key aim is to create a richer and more constructive engagement-both between traditional and critical security studies, and streams within critical security studies and theory which divide on the merits of opposing, or seeking to reform, security practices and ontologies.
This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, ethics philosophy, and IR.
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